August 30, 2017


By Udofia Umoh
Discipline may contextually be taken to mean doing that which is within the periphery of law. The processes of theorizing about that which is acceptable by  society, that which is not repugnant to human utility, fairness, justice and equity may be taken to mean what we refer to as political philosophy.
Political philosophy has performed a myriad of functions in the course of its long history. Perhaps,its most impotant philosophical activity is the encouragement of free thinkers to be intellectually independent in the maze of opposing speculations and in solving the growing problem of human civilization.
Although ancient political theories were slightly influenced by religious or normative ” what ought to be “, contemporary realities and lack of evidence of the anchorage of social morality on a deity has shifted the prescriptions of political theory from “what ought to be” to “what it is”. Issues like Homosexuality and sympathetic death is driving the engine of morality from the concept of a supreme deity to the contradictions of existentialism. In this regard, political philosophy is a gift from free thinking to prescribe ways of how humans “ought to live” in the 21st century society to minimize friction as possible by conforming to set standard of norms, values and mores within society.
Some societies however, seems to act in ways suggestive of retrogression to social evolution of humanity as a whole.
Incest, genocide, slavery and exploitation seems to be some prescriptions extant in the so called civilized societies.
Political philosophy thus becomes a continuous improvement of free thinking, a “tough light” in the alleys of superstition and “banefull” beliefs inimical to human progress.


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